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Food security in Sudan: the case of Kassala state

Samia Satti Osman Mohamed Nour (Department of Economics, Faculty of Economic and Social Studies, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan)
Eltayeb Mohamedain Abdalla (Department of Economics, University of Kassala, Kassala, Sudan)

World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development

ISSN: 2042-5945

Article publication date: 29 April 2021

Issue publication date: 15 November 2021

196

Abstract

Purpose

Different from the previous studies in the Sudanese literature, this study aims to examine the incidence and of food security, the variation in households' food insecurity between localities and the adaptation and survival strategy in Kassala State as a case study of Eastern Sudan.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper uses the measurement of Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) and uses new primary data from a Food Security Household Survey in Kassala State (2019) and uses the descriptive analysis to discuss the measurement of HFIAS, the incidence of food security, the variation in households' food insecurity between localities and the adaptation and survival strategy in Kassala State.

Findings

The authors find that the majority of household (77%) are food-insecure of various degrees, with 32.9% being severely food-insecure, while some households are food-secure (23%). The authors find support for their hypothesis that there will be variation in households' food insecurity between localities that most probably relate to variation in the distribution of monthly income between localities. In particular, the authors find that most households in rural areas are severely food-insecure.

Originality/value

This paper provides a significant contribution to the Sudanese and international literature because it discusses the incidence of food insecurity in Sudan. Different from the two other accompanying papers that focused on the determinants of food security in Kassala State using the measurement of HFIAS and determinants of production of food and consumption of food in Kassala State, this paper focuses on the incidence of food security in Kassala State using the measurement of HFIAS.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This paper is based on a research project conducted in the context of “Assisting Regional Universities in Sudan (ARUS)” Research Project Cluster “Agriculture and Food Security”. The research project is fully supported by a research grant from ARUS. The ARUS programme is supported and funded by the Norwegian Embassy in Sudan, Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI) Bergen and the University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway. This paper is one of three papers based on the findings in a CMI Sudan working paper (2020) “Food Security and Agricultural Development in Sudan: The case of Kassala State” Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI), CMI Sudan Working Paper Number 1 (CMI SWP 2020:1), Bergen, Norway, July 2020. The researchers conducting the study are part of the Agriculture and Food Security cluster in the Assisting Regional Universities in Sudan (ARUS) programme. The authors would like to thank the management and coordinators of ARUS (Prof. Liv Tønnessen (CMI, Bergen, Norway) and Prof. Abdel Gaffar Ahmed (University of Khartoum, Sudan)) for excellent research support. The authors would like to gratefully thank Dr Magnus Hatlebakk (CMI, Bergen, Norway) and Dr Espen Villanger (CMI, Bergen, Norway) for excellent comments and research support that significantly contributed to the first draft of this research paper. The authors would like to thank the participants at the ARUS workshops for good comments. The authors would like to gratefully thank Prof. Allam Ahmed (editor of the WJSTSD)) and two, an anonymous referees for good comments. All the usual disclaimers apply. The views, analysis and policy recommendations in this brief are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of ARUS and CMI.

Citation

Mohamed Nour, S.S.O. and Abdalla, E.M. (2021), "Food security in Sudan: the case of Kassala state", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. 18 No. 4, pp. 474-493. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJSTSD-10-2020-0083

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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