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SMART KM model: The integrated knowledge management framework for organisational excellence

Allam Ahmed (School of Business, Management and Economics, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK)
Mohamed Elhag (Ernst & Young, Doha, Qatar)

World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development

ISSN: 2042-5945

Article publication date: 6 April 2017




The purpose of this paper is to critically address the key issues facing organisations in implementing knowledge management (KM) initiatives and frameworks and how to develop fit-for-purpose an integrated knowledge management framework (KMF) for organisational excellence. In doing so, the paper critically review concepts, frameworks and models of KM to introduce the SMART KM model to support the successful introduction of KM to an organisation through systematic and well-defined steps. In addition to well-founded theories, SMART KM model is also driven by best-in-class KM practices from a number of industries and sectors. SMART KM contains number of business components which supports knowledge flow throughout the organisations which can be tailored to achieve the organisation-specific goals and objectives in alignment with the adopted operating model. Throughout the paper, number of key issues facing organisations in implementing KM initiatives will be introduced and discussed. The readers would also be able to realise the design principles supporting SMART KM model and how it can be used to improve performance and achieve organisational excellence.


The paper provides an in-depth and critical review of the literature and theories on KM. In doing so, several sources have been reviewed and consulted including various mainstream referred journals focussing on KM, change management, management, HR, social science, strategy, etc. as well as books, online databases, governmental reports and statistics, etc.


All organisations are demanding better justification for investments in any KM initiative and expected outcomes. Therefore, we must ensure that KM initiatives are directly linked to the organisation’s business strategy. Moreover, we must also ensure that there are performance measurements in place to evaluate the success of the proposed KMF or KM initiative.


The SMART KMF is unique as it considers a number of paradigms and key organisation facets to assure successful deployment of KM practices and long-term sustainability of the associated benefits.



The authors would like to acknowledge that while this paper has the same title as their book published in 2014 entitled Smart KM Model: An Integrated Knowledge Management Framework for Organizational Excellence, both the paper and the book are different in their scope and focus. The book discusses the process of managing knowledge within the organisations and the current paper proposes the new SMART KM model as a tool to effectively manage knowledge within the organisations.


Ahmed, A. and Elhag, M. (2017), "SMART KM model: The integrated knowledge management framework for organisational excellence", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. 14 No. 2/3, pp. 172-193.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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