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Experimental, analytical and numerical, investigation of peak temperature and cooling rate in butt joint weld of mild steel

Mayur Pratap Singh (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dr BR Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, India)
Pavan Kumar Meena (Department of Mechanical Engineering, NIT Jalandhar, Jalandhar, India)
Kanwer Singh Arora (Tata Steel Ltd Jamshedpur, Jamshedpur, India)
Rajneesh Kumar (National Metallurgical Laboratory CSIR, Jamshedpur, India)
Dinesh Kumar Shukla (Department of Mechanical Engineering, NIT Jalandhar, Jalandhar, India)

World Journal of Engineering

ISSN: 1708-5284

Article publication date: 2 August 2021

Issue publication date: 11 January 2023

154

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to measure peak temperatures and cooling rates for distinct locations of thermocouples in the butt weld joint of mild steel plates. For experimental measurement of peak temperatures, K-type thermocouples coupled with a data acquisition system were used at predetermined locations. Thereafter, Rosenthal’s analytical models for thin two-dimensional (2D) and thick three-dimensional (3D) plates were adopted to predict peak temperatures for different thermocouple positions. A finite element model (FEM) based on an advanced prescribed temperature approach was adopted to predict time-temperature history for predetermined locations of thermocouples.

Design/methodology/approach

Comparing experimental and Rosenthal analytical models (2D and 3D) findings show that predicted and measured peak temperatures are in close agreement, while cooling rates predicted by analytical models (2D, 3D) show significant variation from measured values. On the other hand, 3D FEM simulation predicted peak temperatures and cooling rates for different thermocouple positions are close to experimental findings.

Findings

The inclusion of filler metal during simulation of welding rightly replicates the real welding situation and improves outcomes of the analysis.

Originality/value

The present study is an original contribution to the field of welding technology.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the authorities of NIT Jalandhar, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur and CSIR-NML Jamshedpur for providing facilities and support to carry out this work.

Citation

Singh, M.P., Meena, P.K., Arora, K.S., Kumar, R. and Shukla, D.K. (2023), "Experimental, analytical and numerical, investigation of peak temperature and cooling rate in butt joint weld of mild steel", World Journal of Engineering, Vol. 20 No. 1, pp. 29-42. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJE-11-2020-0570

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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