Dual mass MEMS gyroscope temperature drift compensation based on TFPF-MEA-BP algorithm
Article publication date: 8 April 2021
Issue publication date: 17 May 2021
To reduce the influence of temperature on MEMS gyroscope, this paper aims to propose a temperature drift compensation method based on variational modal decomposition (VMD), time-frequency peak filter (TFPF), mind evolutionary algorithm (MEA) and BP neural network.
First, VMD decomposes gyro’s temperature drift sequence to obtain multiple intrinsic mode functions (IMF) with different center frequencies and then Sample entropy calculates, according to the complexity of the signals, they are divided into three categories, namely, noise signals, mixed signals and temperature drift signals. Then, TFPF denoises the mixed-signal, the noise signal is directly removed and the denoised sub-sequence is reconstructed, which is used as training data to train the MEA optimized BP to obtain a temperature drift compensation model. Finally, the gyro’s temperature characteristic sequence is processed by the trained model.
The experimental result proved the superiority of this method, the bias stability value of the compensation signal is 1.279 × 10–3°/h and the angular velocity random walk value is 2.132 × 10–5°/h/vHz, which is improved compared to the 3.361°/h and 1.673 × 10–2°/h/vHz of the original output signal of the gyro.
This study proposes a multi-dimensional processing method, which treats different noises separately, effectively protects the low-frequency characteristics and provides a high-precision training set for drift modeling. TFPF can be optimized by SEVMD parallel processing in reducing noise and retaining static characteristics, MEA algorithm can search for better threshold and connection weight of BP network and improve the model’s compensation effect.
Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Cao, H., Cui, R., Liu, W., Ma, T., Zhang, Z., Shen, C. and Shi, Y. (2021), "Dual mass MEMS gyroscope temperature drift compensation based on TFPF-MEA-BP algorithm", Sensor Review, Vol. 41 No. 2, pp. 162-175. https://doi.org/10.1108/SR-09-2020-0205
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