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Bank-based and market-based development and economic growth: an international investigation

Isaac Boadi (Department of Banking and Finance, University of Professional Studies, Accra, Ghana)
Daniel Osarfo (Department of Economics, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana)
Perpetual Boadi (Department of Generics, National Vocational Training Institite- Pilot Training Institute, Accra, Ghana)

Studies in Economics and Finance

ISSN: 1086-7376

Article publication date: 19 June 2019

Issue publication date: 8 August 2019

487

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relative impact of bank-based and market-based financial developments on economic growth from 1984 to 2015, using 60countries.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses fixed effect and generalized method of moments (GMM) to investigate the relative impact of bank-based and market-based financial developments on economic growth from 1984 to 2015, using 60 countries. The study further controls regional effects and the Asian crisis, as well as the global economic crisis.

Findings

The empirical results of the study revealed that market-based development positively affects economic growth. Besides, market-based financial development indirectly promotes investment, which has the potential to strongly enhance growth. The findings of this study, therefore, provide more support to pro-market-based financial development policies in these regions. Interestingly, bank-based development has no direct impact on development, but indirectly encourages investment, which also promotes growth.

Originality/value

This paper is the first of its kind to empirically examine fixed effect and GMM to investigate the relative impact of bank-based and market-based financial developments on economic growth from 1984 to 2015, using 60 countries.

Keywords

Citation

Boadi, I., Osarfo, D. and Boadi, P. (2019), "Bank-based and market-based development and economic growth: an international investigation", Studies in Economics and Finance, Vol. 36 No. 3, pp. 365-394. https://doi.org/10.1108/SEF-12-2017-0346

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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