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Host city transportation issues: conceptualization, scale development, and validation

Tiago Ribeiro (Universo University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) (Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal)
Victor Manoel Cunha de Almeida (COPPEAD Graduate School of Business, UFRJ-Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

Sport, Business and Management

ISSN: 2042-678X

Article publication date: 15 March 2021

Issue publication date: 21 May 2021




Planning and managing the transportation services for Olympic host cities is a complex task. This paper contributes to the event management literature by presenting empirical evidence of the public transportation issues using a case study of a local community-focused Olympic host city. Key factors underpinning transportation issues outcomes are identified.


The Rio 2016 Olympic city was selected as a case study. To develop a scale of public transportation issues, four stages of scale development were conducted: a construct definition and content domain; item generation and expert review; a quantitative study for the purification of the scale; and a quantitative study to validation of the scale. Data were collected among local citizens who lived in the Olympic host city (n = 513).


The construct of public transportation issues was assigned to five main categories: planning, infrastructures, information, insecurity and urban mobility. The scale shows internal consistency, reliability, construct validity and nomological validity. Transport issues perceived of Olympic host city tend to increase the negative social impact perceived among local citizens.


This study contributes to the harmful impacts discussion of hosting sport mega-events and introduces the transportation issues that the Local Organizing Committee (LOC) needs to know when hosting the Olympic Games. The scale application for the future Olympic host countries is discussed.



Ribeiro, T. and Cunha de Almeida, V.M. (2021), "Host city transportation issues: conceptualization, scale development, and validation", Sport, Business and Management, Vol. 11 No. 3, pp. 321-339.



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