Lagoon areas are among the most productive ecosystems in the world, where many migrating demersal nektonic species depend on shallow lagoon habitats as nursery areas for early development (Boynton, Hagy, Murray, & Stokes, 1996). With spatial and temporal changes in the lagoon environment, the unique ecotone is endowed with highly productive natural resources and valuable biodiversity, enabling a large number of people to make a living. In contrast, dynamic and complex lagoon areas are expected to be one of the most vulnerable environmental places. Their geographical location is highly exposed to environmental and climatic factors such as sea-level rise, increased level of inundation and storm flooding, seawater intrusion, coastal erosion, and water pollution. That is, the lagoon environment is physically rich in variation, but fishers have to coevolve with fishery resources and ecosystem dynamics to live with change and uncertainty.
Iwasaki, S. and Shaw, R. (2010), "Chapter 8 The way forward", Iwasaki, S. and Shaw, R. (Ed.) Integrated Lagoon Fisheries Management: Resource Dynamics and Adaptation (Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management, Vol. 3), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 201-207. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-7262(2010)0000003015Download as .RIS
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