Nepal's urban population is estimated to be around 15 percent. This is a tremendous increment considering that the urban population some 50 years back was just around 3 percent. The rapid increase in urban population in the last five decades has resulted in unplanned and haphazard urban growth. Urbanization causes a shift in employment, from the agricultural sector to the nonagricultural sector. However, in Nepal, despite the increase in the urban population, the economy is still largely dictated by the agricultural sector. Urbanization is creating and adding new risks to the existing risks from natural hazards such as earthquakes, landslides, and flooding. Building a culture of safety is the key to building resilience of communities to disasters and the involvement of the community in managing risks is instrumental in reducing the adverse impacts of these disasters. Public awareness in dealing with disasters and in responding to emergency situations can save a great number of lives.
Subedi, J. (2009), "Chapter 8 Urban disaster risk management in Kathmandu", Shaw, R., Srinivas, H. and Sharma, A. (Ed.) Urban Risk Reduction: An Asian Perspective (Community, Environment and Disaster Risk Management, Vol. 1), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 151-166. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2040-7262(2009)0000001012Download as .RIS
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