Macrocognition in Teams and Metacognition: Developing Instructional Strategies for Complex Collaborative Problem Solving
Building Intelligent Tutoring Systems for Teams
ISBN: 978-1-78754-474-1, eISBN: 978-1-78754-473-4
Publication date: 20 September 2018
Team cognition research continues to evolve as the need for understanding and improving complex problem solving itself grows. Complex problem solving requires members to engage in a number of complicated collaborative processes to generate solutions. This chapter illustrates how the Macrocognition in Teams model, developed to guide research on these processes, can be utilized to propose how intelligent tutoring systems (ITSs) could be developed to train collaborative problem solving. Metacognitive prompting, based upon macrocognitive processes, was offered as an intervention to scaffold learning these complex processes. Our objective is to provide a theoretically grounded approach for linking intelligent tutoring research and development with team cognition. In this way, team members are more likely to learn how to identify and integrate relevant knowledge, as well as plan, monitor, and reflect on their problem-solving performance as it evolves. We argue that ITSs that utilize metacognitive prompting that promotes team planning during the preparation stage, team knowledge building during the execution stage, and team reflexivity and team knowledge sharing interventions during the reflection stage can improve collaborative problem solving.
The writing of this chapter was partially supported by Grant NNX16AO72G from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The views, opinions, and findings contained in this chapter are the authors’ and should not be construed as official or as reflecting the views of the University of Central Florida or the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Newton, O.B., Wiltshire, T.J. and Fiore, S.M. (2018), "Macrocognition in Teams and Metacognition: Developing Instructional Strategies for Complex Collaborative Problem Solving", Building Intelligent Tutoring Systems for Teams (Research on Managing Groups and Teams, Vol. 19), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 33-54. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1534-085620180000019006
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Copyright © Olivia B. Newton, Travis J. Wiltshire, Stephen M. Fiore, 2018