Eight propositions state how contexts shift citizen participation. Religion, consumption patterns, and varied political repertoires transform participation. Hierarchical, authoritarian contexts foster antiestablishment participation and protest activities. Trust only emerges from some contexts. Participation in the arts and culture vary with other contextual elements.
da Silva, F.C. and Clark, T.N. (2014), "How Context Transforms Citizen Participation: Propositions", Can Tocqueville Karaoke? Global Contrasts of Citizen Participation, the Arts and Development (Research in Urban Policy, Vol. 11), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 237-250. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-352020140000011027
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