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Changes in Performance Measurement and Evaluation Systems as Institutional Processes: The Case of an Italian Teaching Hospital

Performance Measurement and Management Control: Global Issues

ISBN: 978-1-78052-910-3, eISBN: 978-1-78052-911-0

Publication date: 19 June 2012

Abstract

Purpose – In the last decades, Italian healthcare organisations have been subject to important normative changes, aimed at increasing their efficiency. As a response, performance measurement and evaluation (PME) systems have been introduced. The present study attempts to examine PME system changes as institutional processes. In studying such processes the healthcare literature acknowledges the presence of two logics: managerial and professional, as peculiar to healthcare settings, whose convergence or divergence can explain the success of any institutional process.

Design/methodology/approach – We adopt Busco et al.'s (2007) framework as an approach for unbundling PME system change into four relevant coordinates, namely: (1) the object (PME system), (2) the subjects (institutional forces), (3) the place and time of change (the managerial and professional logics) and (4) the how and why change happens (change as an institutional process). We conducted a longitudinal case study at a large teaching hospital in Southern Italy, directed to interpret PME system changes during the period from 1998 until 2009.

Findings – Our observation distinguishes episodes of successful institutional processes, where the introduced innovations are transformed into objectivated practices, from episodes of missed institutionalisation, where new procedures were rapidly abandoned.

Research and social implications – This theoretical framework can be useful for interpreting the PME system changes in different institutional contexts.

Originality – The Busco et al.'s framework allows us to understand PME system changes by integrating the perspectives from Neo-Institutional Sociology, representing healthcare organisational responses to external institutional pressures, and Old-Institutional Economics, conceptualising PME system changes as an institutionalisation process.

Citation

Leotta, A. and Ruggeri, D. (2012), "Changes in Performance Measurement and Evaluation Systems as Institutional Processes: The Case of an Italian Teaching Hospital", Davila, A., Epstein, M.J. and Manzoni, J.-F. (Ed.) Performance Measurement and Management Control: Global Issues (Studies in Managerial and Financial Accounting, Vol. 25), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 427-463. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-3512(2012)0000025019

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited