Control charts are designed to be effective in detecting a shift in the distribution of a process. Typically, these charts assume that the data for these processes follow an approximately normal distribution or some known distribution. However, if a data-generating process has a large proportion of zeros, that is, the data is intermittent, then traditional control charts may not adequately monitor these processes. The purpose of this study is to examine proposed control chart methods designed for monitoring a process with intermittent data to determine if they have a sufficiently small percentage of false out-of-control signals. Forecasting techniques for slow-moving/intermittent product demand have been extensively explored as intermittent data is common to operational management applications (Syntetos & Boylan, 2001, 2005, 2011; Willemain, Smart, & Schwarz, 2004). Extensions and modifications of traditional forecasting models have been proposed to model intermittent or slow-moving demand, including the associated trends, correlated demand, seasonality and other characteristics (Altay, Litteral, & Rudisill, 2012). Croston’s (1972) method and its adaptations have been among the principal procedures used in these applications. This paper proposes adapting Croston’s methodology to design control charts, similar to Exponentially Weighted Moving Average (EWMA) control charts, to be effective in monitoring processes with intermittent data. A simulation study is conducted to assess the performance of these proposed control charts by evaluating their Average Run Lengths (ARLs), or equivalently, their percent of false positive signals.
Lindsey, M. and Pavur, R. (2017), "Assessing the Design of Control Charts for Intermittent Data", Advances in Business and Management Forecasting (Advances in Business and Management Forecasting, Vol. 12), Emerald Publishing Limited, pp. 121-135. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1477-407020170000012008Download as .RIS
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