In this paper, I review and evaluate the concept of subsidiary initiative, and I discuss how theorizing about the multinational corporation (MNC) in general has been informed by studies focusing on subsidiary initiative and related subsidiary-level issues. In the second part of the paper, I discuss some of the trends underway in the world of business that are influencing the nature and amount of subsidiary initiative observed in MNCs. Most of these seem likely to make subsidiary initiative more common, though some of them will favor externally focused initiatives while others will favor internally focused ones.
Thanks to Shameen Prashantham for his help with this paper.
Birkinshaw, J. (2014), "Subsidiary Initiative in the Modern Multinational Corporation", Multidisciplinary Insights from New AIB Fellows (Research in Global Strategic Management, Vol. 16), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 201-220. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1064-485720140000016008Download as .RIS
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