In the wake of growing pressures to make scholarly knowledge commercially relevant via translation into intellectual property, various techno-scientific communities have mobilized to create open access/open source experiments. These efforts are based on the ideas and success of free and open source software, and generally try to exploit two salient features: increased openness and circulation, and distributed collective innovation. Transferring these ideas from software to science often involves unforeseen challenges, one of which is that these movements can be deemed, often incorrectly, as heretical by university administrators and technology transfer officers who valorize metrics such as number of patents filed and granted, spin-off companies created, and revenue generated. In this paper, we discuss nascent efforts to foster an open source movement in nanotechnology and provide an illustrative case of an arsenic removal invention. We discuss challenges facing the open source nano movement that include making a technology widely accessible and the associated politics of metrics.
Lounsbury, M., Kelty, C., Yavuz, C.T. and Colvin, V.L. (2009), "Toward open source nano: Arsenic removal and alternative models of technology transfer", Libecap, G.D. (Ed.) Measuring the Social Value of Innovation: A Link in the University Technology Transfer and Entrepreneurship Equation (Advances in the Study of Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Economic Growth, Vol. 19), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 51-78. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1048-4736(2009)0000019003Download as .RIS
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