Though the coexistence of nonviolent and violent groups within a single movement is a common phenomenon in maximalist campaigns (e.g., regime change, anti-occupation), the effects of this coexistence remain understudied. Focusing on primarily nonviolent movements with a simultaneous “radical flank” pursuing the same goals, this study builds on previous, inconclusive literature which narrowly accounts for limited and often case-specific radical flank effects. After conducting a series of large-N regression analyses using a subset of the NAVCO 2.0 dataset, this study finds that the presence of a radical flank (1) increases both the likelihood and degree of repression by the state and (2) is most significantly linked with decreased mobilization post-repression – yet, (3) is not necessarily detrimental to overall campaign progress.
The author thanks Erika Forsberg, Karen Brounéus, Svenja Wolter, Alja Ladinek, and Katja Oksanen for their valuable guidance and feedback.
Tompkins, E. (2015), "A Quantitative Reevaluation of Radical Flank Effects within Nonviolent Campaigns", Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change (Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change, Vol. 38), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 103-135. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0163-786X20150000038004
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