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The potential for collaboration between AI and archival science in processing data from the French great national debate

Marie-Anne Chabin (MITSIC, Université Paris 8, Saint-Denis, France)

Records Management Journal

ISSN: 0956-5698

Article publication date: 19 February 2020

Issue publication date: 22 July 2020

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342

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to show how archival expertise and diplomatic analysis can enrich the documentary corpuses analyzed by artificial intelligence tools. Here, the demonstration is based on a freely accessible material: the data from the great national debate launched in early 2019 by the French President Macron in response to the large-scale social movement known as the “yellow vests”.

Design/methodology/approach

Step 1 consisted of understanding the methods and conclusions of the providers responsible for processing the data of the great debate (1.5 million contributors). Step 2 was to analyze the formal elements of a random set of online contributions. Then, to compare the results.

Findings

This research shows that the processing of the data is based almost exclusively on texts, to the detriment of data on the source, date and arrangement of contributions, which could nevertheless be exploited as metadata.

Research limitations/implications

The mass of data and the lack of online accessibility of part of the corpus did not make it possible to complete the experiment.

Practical implications

This research lays the foundation for other projects for collaboration between archival science and artificial intelligence tools.

Social implications

There is a social challenge involving researchers in information sciences in public debate and governmental consultations. There is also an issue for a records manager to become more involved in the production of public records by promoting their specific skills in information management.

Originality/value

The originality of this paper is to show how archival science can help to improve the quality of the documentary corpuses used by artificial intelligence tools, and therefore, to improve the performance of these tools.

Keywords

Citation

Chabin, M.-A. (2020), "The potential for collaboration between AI and archival science in processing data from the French great national debate", Records Management Journal, Vol. 30 No. 2, pp. 241-252. https://doi.org/10.1108/RMJ-08-2019-0042

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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