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An investigation into the potential of water retted fiber from agricultural waste of Curcuma longa plant for textile application

Tina Martina (Department of Garment Production, Polytechnic of Textile Technology (Politeknik STTT Bandung), Bandung, Indonesia)
Wiah Wardiningsih (Department of Textile Engineering, Polytechnic of Textile Technology (Politeknik STTT Bandung), Bandung, Indonesia)
Ajeng Rianti (Department of Textile Engineering, Polytechnic of Textile Technology (Politeknik STTT Bandung), Bandung, Indonesia)
Ryan Rudy (Department of Textile Engineering, Polytechnic of Textile Technology (Politeknik STTT Bandung), Bandung, Indonesia)
Samuel Martin Pradana (Department of Family Welfare Science, Universitas Negeri Padang, Padang, Indonesia)

Research Journal of Textile and Apparel

ISSN: 1560-6074

Article publication date: 21 December 2022

9

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to characterize the fiber from Curcuma longa (turmeric) stems. The fiber’s properties were used to assess its potential for textile yarn production.

Design/methodology/approach

The natural fiber used in this investigation was extracted from agricultural waste through a cold water-retting process.

Findings

The Curcuma longa fiber had a crystallinity of 50%. Cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin were detected in the fibers’ Fourier transform infrared spectra. A Curcuma longa fiber bundle contains several constituent fibers. The fibers exhibited an irregular cross-section, with a variable oval shape for the lumen. The fibers of Curcuma longa averaged 30.22 cm in length. The fineness of the fibers was 6.58 Tex. In this study, Curcuma longa fibers had an 11.30% moisture regain. The tensile strength of the fibers was 19.18 g/Tex. Curcuma longa fibers showed a break elongation of 9.79%. The fiber coefficient of friction was 0.3.

Originality/value

Curcuma longa has characteristics that make it appropriate for industrial uses like spinning. Thus, it is possible to use Curcuma longa fiber as a raw material for textiles.

Keywords

Citation

Martina, T., Wardiningsih, W., Rianti, A., Rudy, R. and Pradana, S.M. (2022), "An investigation into the potential of water retted fiber from agricultural waste of Curcuma longa plant for textile application", Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/RJTA-08-2022-0101

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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