To read this content please select one of the options below:

Measuring the social impact of funded research over nonfunded: a case study of BRICS

Sheikh Shueb (Rumi Library, Islamic University of Science and Technology, Awantipora, India)
Sumeer Gul (Department of Library and Information Science, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India)
Aabid Hussain Kharadi (Department of Library and Information Science, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India)
Nahida Tun Nisa (Department of Botany, Amar Sing College, Srinagar, India)
Farzana Gulzar (Department of Management Studies, University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India)

Performance Measurement and Metrics

ISSN: 1467-8047

Article publication date: 29 January 2024

Issue publication date: 17 April 2024




The study showcases the social impact (online attention) of funded research compared to nonfunded for the BRICS nations. The key themes achieving online attention across the funded and nonfunded publications have also been identified.


A total of 1,507,931 articles published across the BRICS nations for a period of three (03) years were downloaded from the Clarivate Analytics' InCites database of Web of Science (WoS). “Funding Acknowledgement Analysis (FAA)” was used to identify the funded and nonfunded publications. The altmetric score of the top highly cited (1%) publications was gauged from the largest altmetric data provider, “”, using the DOI of each publication. One-way ANOVA test was used to know the impact of funding on the mentions (altmetrics) across different data sources covered by The highly predominant keywords (hotspots) have been mapped using bibliometric software, “VOSviewer”.


The mentions across all the altmetric sources for funded research are higher compared to nonfunded research for all nations. It indicates the altmetric advantage for funded research, as funded publications are more discussed, tweeted, shared and have more readers and citations; thus, acquiring more social impact/online attention compared to nonfunded publications. The difference in means for funded and nonfunded publications varies across various altmetric sources and nations. Further, the authors’ keyword analysis reveals the prominence of the respective nation names in publications of the BRICS.

Research limitations/implications

The study showcases the utility of indexing the funding information and whether research funding increases social impact return (online attention). It presents altmetrics as an important impact assessment and evaluation framework indicator, adding one more dimension to the research performance. The linking of funding information with the altmetric score can be used to assess the online attention and multi-flavoured impact of a particular funding programme and source/agency of a nation so that necessary strategies would be framed to improve the reach and impact of funded research. It identifies countries that achieve significant online attention for their funded publications compared to nonfunded ones, along with the key themes that can be utilised to frame research and investment plans.


The study represents the social impact of funded research compared to nonfunded across the BRICS nations.



Shueb, S., Gul, S., Kharadi, A.H., Nisa, N.T. and Gulzar, F. (2024), "Measuring the social impact of funded research over nonfunded: a case study of BRICS", Performance Measurement and Metrics, Vol. 25 No. 1, pp. 1-22.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles