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Brokerage fee, ownership expropriation and earnings management of Malaysian property companies

Lik Jing Ung (Faculty of Economics and Business, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia)
Rayenda Khresna Brahmana (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia)
Chin-Hong Puah (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia)

Property Management

ISSN: 0263-7472

Article publication date: 27 July 2018

Issue publication date: 6 August 2018

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516

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether real estate companies manipulate their earnings through the brokerage fee across ownership expropriation or not.

Design/methodology/approach

This study considers Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange listed real estate firms to investigate how the brokerage fee in the real estate industry might affect the earnings management of firms across its ownership expropriation. Using annual report data, the authors investigate the associations over a panel for the period 2008−2012. Robust panel regression is used to divulge the probability values with reference by probit regression.

Findings

Overall, the results show that high brokerage fees would drive more events of earnings management and that, generally, the ownership concentration among Malaysian real estate firms significantly affects the earnings management of the firms.

Practical implications

This study shows that firm profitability and brokerage fees enhance the probability of firm’s earnings management. A low brokerage fee would reflect low revenue to the company. Therefore, management would opt to manipulate earnings in order to overstate earnings, which garners more interest from investors.

Originality/value

Real estate values in Malaysia have climbed steadily over the years due to a combination of reasons giving companies a higher brokerage fee. Earnings management has become a big issue for property investors. The study demonstrates the relationship between earnings management and brokerage fee across ownership expropriation which can be considered by shareholders in their own strategic planning and investors in their own investing.

Keywords

Citation

Ung, L.J., Brahmana, R.K. and Puah, C.-H. (2018), "Brokerage fee, ownership expropriation and earnings management of Malaysian property companies", Property Management, Vol. 36 No. 4, pp. 461-482. https://doi.org/10.1108/PM-06-2017-0035

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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