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Schengen enlargement may be delayed further

Wednesday, March 1, 2023


Austria vetoed both countries’ accession, ignoring the European Commission’s positive recommendation. The Netherlands opposed only Bulgaria’s entry. Schengen’s non-enlargement reflects both intra-EU disagreements and the politicisation of migration in core member-states.


  • The EU will pay close attention to the Bulgarian-Turkish border.
  • RoL reforms in Bulgaria will be accelerated in order to access extra EU funds.
  • A decision to expand Schengen beyond Croatia might upend Austrian domestic politics.

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