The short-term impacts of the growing list of US export controls in the sector are now becoming clear. They have triggered a range of responses and unintended consequences. These include a scramble to find loopholes and the emergence of a lucrative grey market for chips.
- Western businesses will need to look beyond China for suppliers of advanced components.
- The automotive industry will face further semiconductor shortages and possibly safety issues.
- Semiconductor restrictions may have impacts across the policy landscape, including on decarbonisation.