However, the M23 -- the rebel group that dominates current headlines-- remained excluded. This follows a November 23 summit in Luanda that in effect demanded the M23’s unconditional surrender. It was not party to the talks and insists it is not bound by their recommendations, but promises to respect a ceasefire if the government agrees to talks.
- If the government maintains its hard-line stance, renewed fighting will almost certainly ensue.
- As the M23 has now cut off Goma’s main supply routes, it can exert enormous pressure on the regional capital even without attacking it.
- The Luanda communique’s ambitious proposals may aggravate long-standing tensions among neighbouring states.