To read this content please select one of the options below:

Challenges to African incumbents will grow

Monday, December 20, 2021


The continent’s trajectory is not a uniformly bleak one, however, as it also features the only two countries to move towards democracy during the COVID-19 pandemic: Malawi and Zambia. Furthermore, large majorities of people in many countries surveyed by Afrobarometer prefer democracy over other forms of government.


  • Countries that are more democratic will, on average, experience more inclusive economic recoveries.
  • Economic hardships generated in part by COVID-19 will make it harder for incumbents in Kenya, Nigeria and Zimbabwe to retain power.
  • Authoritarian governments will continue to see high levels of political and civic protest.
  • Authoritarian countries such as Angola and Zimbabwe will resort to more state repression to maintain the status quo.

Related articles

Expert Briefings logo
Stay up to date
Sign up to the Expert Daily Briefings email alert and receive up-to-the-minute analysis of global events as they happen.
*If your university does not have access to Expert Briefings, visit our information page to find out more.