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Indian state finances will not improve without reform

Tuesday, July 18, 2017


State finances in India.


A recent report by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) highlights a sharp deterioration in the fiscal position of India's state governments, with their collective deficit increasing to 3.6% of GDP in 2015-16 and 3.4% in 2016-17 from 2.6% in 2014-15. Together with central government borrowings, these push India's total fiscal deficit above 7% of GDP, but the deteriorating position of the states is especially significant because they figure prominently in Prime Minister Narendra Modi's strategy for economic development.


  • A states-led increase in the fiscal deficit may prompt a downgrading of India's sovereign credit rating.
  • If state government finances become overstretched, there may be threats to health and education services.
  • An increased debt burden may bring greater pressure to bear on infrastructure, especially electricity.

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