Counterterrorism in Xinjiang.
This year has seen unusual parades involving thousands of heavily armed troops in three of Xinjiang’s most important cities: Kashgar, Hotan and the capital, Urumqi. This show of force came after new regulations and measures that have effectively transformed the province into a surveillance state.
- Recent events indicate a transformation from a nationalist fight into a religious one, in line with similar developments worldwide.
- The allegiance of most militants in Xinjiang still goes to the Turkestan Islamic Party, despite Islamic State (IS) successes.
- Elsewhere in China, Islam is increasingly considered a threat by both the Chinese authorities and the public opinion.