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Domestic energy consumption in Ghana: deprivation versus likelihood of access

Alhassan A. Karakara (University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana)
Evans S. Osabuohien (Centre for Economic Policy and Development Research (CEPDeR), Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria) (Department of Economics and Development Studies, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria)
Simplice Asongu (Department of Economics, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa)

Management of Environmental Quality

ISSN: 1477-7835

Article publication date: 13 May 2021

Issue publication date: 22 June 2021

172

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to analyse the extent to which households are deprived (or otherwise) of clean energy sources in Ghana.

Design/methodology/approach

It engages the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey data. Three different energy deprivation indicators were estimated: cooking fuel deprivation, lighting deprivation and indoor air pollution. The empirical evidence is based on logit regressions that explain whether households are deprived or not.

Findings

The results show that energy deprivation or access is contingent on the area of residence. Energy access and deprivation in Ghana show some regional disparities, even though across every region, the majority of households use three fuel types: liquefied petroleum gas, charcoal and wood cut. Increases in wealth and education lead to reduction in the likelihood of being energy deprived. Thus, efforts should be geared towards policies that will ensure households having access to clean fuels to reduce the attendant deprivations and corresponding effects of using dangerous or dirty fuels.

Originality/value

This study complements the extant literature by analysing the extent to which households are deprived (or otherwise) of clean energy sources in Ghana.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The paper is one of the outcomes of the African Finance and Economic Association’s (AFEA's) Mentorship Programme. Thus, the authors appreciate the discussions on the platform. The views expressed are the authors'.

Citation

Karakara, A.A., Osabuohien, E.S. and Asongu, S. (2021), "Domestic energy consumption in Ghana: deprivation versus likelihood of access", Management of Environmental Quality, Vol. 32 No. 4, pp. 804-821. https://doi.org/10.1108/MEQ-11-2020-0247

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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