The purpose of this paper is to investigate energy performance of thermal insulation modified by phase change materials (PCM). Special attention was paid to the problem of proper performance assessment of such components by computational techniques and methods of its evaluation.
Analysis was conducted on the basis of the results obtained using the dynamic building simulation technique performed by ESP-r software. Two cases of insulation components enhanced by a layer: characterised by increased latent heat capacity were analysed and compared. Results were investigated in terms of thermal comfort and energy efficiency, using evaluation methods from literature and new, original indicators proposed by authors.
The analysis revealed that performance of insulation enhanced by PCM is very dynamic and highly sensitive to changeable weather conditions. Thus, there is a strong need for the development of the assessment methods and guidelines for the performance of such components with changeable physical properties.
The methodology and the results reported in this paper could be used as a guideline for further parametric studies and optimisation tasks. Further development of phase change insulation can substantially change the existing approach to the building energy performance.
The paper introduces a new approach of the assessment of insulation components modified by PCM and highlights the dynamic characteristics of its performance.
This work was funded by The National Centre for Research and Development as part of the project entitled: “Promoting Sustainable Approaches towards Energy Efficiency in Buildings as Tools towards Climate Protection in German and Polish Cities: developing façade technology for zero-emission buildings” (acronym: GPEE).
Wieprzkowicz, A. and Heim, D. (2016), "Energy performance of dynamic thermal insulation built in the experimental façade system", Management of Environmental Quality, Vol. 27 No. 6, pp. 681-694. https://doi.org/10.1108/MEQ-05-2015-0097Download as .RIS
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