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Effects of blockchain technology (BT) on the university librarians and libraries: a systematic literature review (SLR)

Khurram Shahzad (Department of Library, Government College University Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan)
Shakeel Ahmad Khan (Department of Information Management, Islamia University, Bahawalpur, Pakistan)
Abid Iqbal (Central Library, Prince Sultan University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)

Library Hi Tech

ISSN: 0737-8831

Article publication date: 29 February 2024

228

Abstract

Purpose

The objectives of the study were to identify the effects of blockchain technology (BT) on the university librarians, the impact of BT on the university library services and to reveal the challenges to adopt BT in the university libraries.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic literature review was applied to address the objectives of the study. Around 25 studies published in peer-reviewed journals were selected to conduct the study.

Findings

The findings of the study revealed that blockchain technology (BT) has positive effects on the university librarians as it assists them in digital resources management, provision of integrated library services, effective records management and continued professional development. The study also displayed that BT has a positive impact on the university libraries through effective information management, user privacy, collaboration, technological innovation and access control. Results also revealed that technical issues, financial constraints, security problems, skill issues and sociocultural issues created challenges to adopt BT in the university libraries.

Originality/value

The study has offered theoretical implications for future investigators through the provision of innovative literature on the prospectus and challenges associated with blockchain in the context of librarianship. The study has also provided practical implications for management bodies by offering recommendations for the successful adoption of blockchain in the university libraries. Additionally, a framework has been developed to adopt BT successfully in the university libraries for the delivery of smart library services to library patrons.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The research team acknowledges and appreciates the provision of all possible cooperation and assistance of Prince Sultan University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, required for conducting the study.

Citation

Shahzad, K., Khan, S.A. and Iqbal, A. (2024), "Effects of blockchain technology (BT) on the university librarians and libraries: a systematic literature review (SLR)", Library Hi Tech, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHT-10-2023-0486

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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