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Are the motives of holding cash differing between developed and emerging financial markets?

Tahir Akhtar (Department of Economics and Finance, College of Business Administration, University of Ha'il, Ha'il, Saudi Arabia)

Kybernetes

ISSN: 0368-492X

Article publication date: 10 February 2023

Issue publication date: 5 April 2024

169

Abstract

Purpose

This study compares the motives of holding cash between developed (Australian) and developing (Malaysian) financial markets.

Design/methodology/approach

For the period 2006–2020, the t-test, fixed-effect and generalised method of moment (GMM) model have been applied to a sample of 1878 (1,165 Australian and 713 Malaysian) firms.

Findings

The empirical results reveal that firms in developed financial markets hold higher cash compared to the developing financial markets. The findings confirm that motives to hold cash differ between developed and developing financial markets. The GMM findings further show that cash holdings (CH) in Australia are higher due to higher ratios of cash flow, research and development (R&D) and return on assets (ROA), and lower due to larger dividend payments. In the Malaysian market, however, cash flows and R&D are ineffectual, ROA falls and dividend payments rise CH.

Practical implications

The study helps managers, practitioners and investors understand that firms' distinct economic, institutional, accounting and financial environments are important. To attain the desired outcomes, they must thus comprehend and consider these considerations while developing suitable liquidity strategies.

Originality/value

To the authors' best knowledge, this is the initial research demonstrating how varied cash motives and their ramifications are in developed and developing financial markets. Therefore, this study identifies the importance that CH motives varied among financial markets and that findings from a particular market cannot be generalised to other markets because of the market and financial structural variations.

Keywords

Citation

Akhtar, T. (2024), "Are the motives of holding cash differing between developed and emerging financial markets?", Kybernetes, Vol. 53 No. 5, pp. 1653-1681. https://doi.org/10.1108/K-11-2022-1527

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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