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Investment strategies and coordination for green food supply chain: a further research considering the inputs of the blockchain-based traceability system

Pan Liu (Information and Management College, Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou City, China)

Kybernetes

ISSN: 0368-492X

Article publication date: 4 January 2023

13

Abstract

Purpose

To study these issues, the authors chose a GFSC with one producer and one material supplier as research object, the supplier will offer green material to the producer and the producer will make green food using green production technology. Then, the authors proposed that consumers' perceived value was determined by the trustworthiness levels of the related green and quality-safety information provided by the supplier and the producer. Then, considering the trustworthiness levels of the green and quality information provided by the supplier and the producer, the authors improved the demand function. Afterwards, we constructed four investment models and their income models are built and then a cost-sharing and revenue-sharing contract (hereafter, CSRS) was adopted to coordinate the GFSC.

Design/methodology/approach

With the growth of consumers environmental awareness and life level, consumers' requirements for green and high quality food are growing. In recently years, to increase consumers' perceived trustworthiness on the product greenness and quality levels, stakeholders in green food supply chain (hereafter, GFSC) start to adopt the blockchain-based traceability system (hereafter, BLTS). For investors, they need to know the investment conditions and how to coordinate the GFSC.

Findings

(1) When the revenue-sharing coefficient is less than three-fourths and higher then a certain vaule, the cost-sharing and revenue-sharing contract can make the GFSC coordinate. (2) The investment cost threshold of the BLTS has a positive relationship with the trustworthiness improvement levels of the green and quality information, the green degree of food products and the quality of food products. (3) In the proposed four investment situations, as the growth of consumers perceived credibility coefficient about the greenness information and the quality information, chain members' revenues will increase. In addition, comparing with co-investing the BLTS, benefits of chain members are lower than them in the sole investment model.

Originality/value

(1) The demand function we proposed can help chain members forecast market demand to support production or ordering decisions. (2) The investment decision policies can offer a theoretical reference for chain members to use the BLTS. (3) The CSRS will offer the theoretical reference for coordinating the supply chain after using the BLTS. Furthermore, our study method can be referenced by other scholars. (4) The study method can offer a method reference for researchers who do a similar discussion in a manufacturing supply chain. Although, our research cannot guide the industrial practices, it can serve as a reference of the similar research in industry.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was partially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 61703014), Humanities and Social Science Research Youth Project of the Education Ministry of China (No. 21YJC790076), Key scientific research projects of higher education institutions in Henan, China (No.21A630016), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2022M721039), Henan University Philosophy and Social Science Innovation Talent Support Program (No. 2023-CXRC-24), Top Talent Project of Henan Agricultural University (No. 30500681) and Creator Talent Support Plan of Henan Agricultural University (No. 30200757).

Authors' contributions: Pan Liu, Fengjie Zhang and mengjuan Li conceived and designed the experiments and analyzed the data and wrote the paper.

Conflict of interest: The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this paper.

Citation

Liu, P. (2023), "Investment strategies and coordination for green food supply chain: a further research considering the inputs of the blockchain-based traceability system", Kybernetes, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/K-08-2022-1183

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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