To read this content please select one of the options below:

What price Romania has to pay for being one of the main providers of physicians in Europe?

Simona Andreea Apostu (Department of Statistics and Econometrics, Faculty of Cibernetics Statistics and Economic Informatics, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania) (Institute of National Economy, Bucharest, Romania)
Bulent Akkaya (Department of Office Management, Manisa Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey)


ISSN: 0368-492X

Article publication date: 28 February 2023




The migration of physicians is a global interest, causing imbalances between developed and developing countries. Romania is one of Europe's major providers of physicians, not because there is a surplus, but because physicians are drawn to places with better living and working conditions. Medicine in Romania is increasingly highly advanced, and Romanian physicians are well appreciated all over the world. Despite being one of the countries with the most medical graduates in the world, Romania is suffering a doctor exodus. After joining the EU, the problem of physician migration became widespread, resulting in a deficient and inefficient healthcare system. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to estimate the losses registered by Romania because of physicians' decision to migrate.


These losses were calculated in two ways: utilizing the statistical life value and the amount of money invested in training a medical graduate.


According to the findings, the losses in 2018 were 104.16 million euros, approximately 0.12% of GDP.


The originality of this paper consists in data, being provided by the College of Physicians from Romania and the method used, this study being the only one that estimates the cost of Romanian physicians' migration. The paper adds to existing knowledge an empirical results regarding quantifying the value reflecting the departure of physicians, using value of statistical life and the amount of money invested in preparing a medical graduate.



Apostu, S.A. and Akkaya, B. (2023), "What price Romania has to pay for being one of the main providers of physicians in Europe?", Kybernetes, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles