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Designing smelter industry investment competitiveness policy in Indonesia through system dynamics model

Muhammad Hanafi (School of Business and Management, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia)
Dermawan Wibisono (School of Business and Management, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia and Faculty of Business Economics, Pertamina University, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia)
Kuntoro Mangkusubroto (School of Business and Management, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia)
Manahan Siallagan (School of Business and Management, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia)
Mila Jamilah Khatun Badriyah (School of Business and Management, Bandung Institute of Technology, Bandung, Indonesia)

Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management

ISSN: 2053-4620

Article publication date: 28 June 2019

Issue publication date: 2 October 2019

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239

Abstract

Purpose

This research aims to examine the smelter industry’s investment competitiveness in Indonesia as well as to find solutions to improve its competitive advantage for the nation.

Design/methodology/approach

This research applies a sequential mixed-methods approach with a second quantitative phase building on an initial first qualitative phase. The qualitative phase is conducted by interviews to find the root causes of problems as well as solutions to gain smelter industries’ competitiveness. The quantitative phase is conducted by a system dynamics model. A descriptive causal loop diagram is created based on interviews and focus group discussions to describe the problems. The concept of competitive advantage of a nation from Porter’s diamond model is applied in this research.

Findings

The results reveal the complexity of smelter industries in Indonesia. The paper also addresses the causes of problems and interaction of variables using a causal loop diagram. To gain the smelter industry’s competitiveness, this paper suggests the potential policy development to increase competitiveness of the smelter industry such as policy for different fiscal incentives to each different mineral, effective export duty and exploration obligation.

Practical implications

The result of this study provides a good basis for government in making policy to improve the competitive advantage of the smelter industry investment in Indonesia.

Originality/value

This is the first research on smelter industry competitiveness that applies Porter’s diamond model and system dynamics model to find solutions in designing appropriate policy to gain competitiveness.

Keywords

Citation

Hanafi, M., Wibisono, D., Mangkusubroto, K., Siallagan, M. and Badriyah, M.J.K. (2019), "Designing smelter industry investment competitiveness policy in Indonesia through system dynamics model", Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management, Vol. 10 No. 3, pp. 617-641. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSTPM-06-2018-0064

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited