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Major obstacles facing business enterprises in an emerging economy: the case of Ghana using the World Bank Enterprise Survey

Ibrahim Mohammed (Banking and Finance, University of Professional Studies, Accra, Ghana)
Alhassan Bunyaminu (Banking and Finance, University of Professional Studies, Accra, Ghana)

Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development

ISSN: 1462-6004

Article publication date: 5 April 2021

Issue publication date: 23 April 2021

607

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims at identifying the major obstacles to business enterprise in an emerging economy and how these obstacles are associated with different characteristics of the enterprises.

Design/methodology/approach

The study relied on the World Bank Enterprise Survey data on Ghana and applied binary and ordinal probit regression techniques to estimate the associations between the characteristics of the enterprises and the identified obstacles. Significance testing of the associations is also conducted.

Findings

The five main obstacles perceived by most of the enterprises in the study are access to finance, electricity, access to land, customs and trade regulations and tax rates. These obstacles are associated in different ways to growth rate (high vs low growth), scale (small and medium vs large), age, size of employees, the experience of the top manager and ownership (wholly domestic vs foreign ownership).

Research limitations/implications

As a cross-sectional study focusing on Ghana, the findings are informative about the major obstacles facing business enterprises in an emerging economy; however, the ecological validity of these findings may be limited to factors specific to Ghana.

Originality/value

Given the representativeness of the Enterprise Survey, policymakers can rely on these findings to formulate useful policies to promote the operations of business enterprises.

Keywords

Citation

Mohammed, I. and Bunyaminu, A. (2021), "Major obstacles facing business enterprises in an emerging economy: the case of Ghana using the World Bank Enterprise Survey", Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 28 No. 3, pp. 475-487. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSBED-04-2020-0110

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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