To read this content please select one of the options below:

Willing but fearful: resilience and youth entrepreneurial intentions

Minhajul Islam Ukil (Department of Management and Marketing, IRC-FDE, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia)
Anna Jenkins (School of Business, The University of Queensland, Saint Lucia, Australia)

Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development

ISSN: 1462-6004

Article publication date: 18 October 2022

Issue publication date: 27 February 2023




Despite entrepreneurial intentions being a central and enduring construct in entrepreneurship research, most research on intentions focused on factors that underpin an individual's entrepreneurial intentions. This study extends the emerging literature on fear of failure and resilience to understand how they influence entrepreneurial intentions. The authors do this in a context where job prospects are low, and unemployment is high to understand what potentially prevents educated youth in a developing country from pursuing self-employment.


This study applies the structural equation modelling (SEM) using AMOS 25 to test the hypotheses on a sample of 238 third- and fourth-year Bangladeshi students facing an important career decision. A replication study is also conducted with an additional sample (n = 209) to verify the robustness of the findings, using a different measurement of resilience and a different analysis method – partial least square (PLS)-SEM in Smart-PLS 3.


The study finds support for the mediation model where fear of failure mediates the relationship between resilience and entrepreneurial intentions. The findings suggest that resilience enhances entrepreneurial intentions while also reducing the negative effects of fear of failure on entrepreneurial intentions.


This study contributes to an underexplored area of entrepreneurial intentions literature by exploring how resilience relates to fear of failure and entrepreneurial intentions. The findings demonstrate the importance of resilience through its direct effect on intentions as well as its indirect effect through its influence on fear of failure. The findings have implications for potential entrepreneurs and educational institutions providing training in entrepreneurship.



Ukil, M.I. and Jenkins, A. (2023), "Willing but fearful: resilience and youth entrepreneurial intentions", Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 30 No. 1, pp. 78-99.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles