The purpose of this paper is to make a contribution for the unclear boundaries of public procurement in accounting terms. International organizations, public organizations’ national control entities and managers are interested in monetary spend. Public procurement literature and the system of national accounts lack proper definitions of public procurement in accounting terms or are framed by legal procedures.
The authors draft clear monetary definitions for procurement boundaries and develop an alternative, more refined bottom-up method of calculating public procurement spend.
The calculation for Finland is based on reliable secondary data and shows considerably higher procurement spend than traditional SNA statistics or procurement notices.
The calculation can be replicated in other countries using the 2008 SNA coding for organizations. The paper highlights the need to address in-house procurement in future research.
The author would like to thank Jan Telgen, Michael Essig, Alessando Ancarani, Christine Harland and the participants of IPSERA 2015 Conference for their invaluable contributions to this research.
Kivisto, T. and Virolainen, V.M. (2019), "Public procurement spend analysis at a national level in Finland", Journal of Public Procurement, Vol. 19 No. 2, pp. 108-128. https://doi.org/10.1108/JOPP-06-2019-028
Emerald Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited