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Hybrid fuzzy MCDM and FMEA integrating with linear programming approach for the health and safety executive risks: a case study

Mohammad Khalilzadeh (CENTRUM Católica Graduate Business School, Lima, Peru and Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima, Peru)
Peiman Ghasemi (Department of Industrial Engineering, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran)
Ahmadreza Afrasiabi (Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran)
Hedieh Shakeri (Department of Industrial Engineering, Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran)

Journal of Modelling in Management

ISSN: 1746-5664

Article publication date: 1 March 2021

Issue publication date: 25 November 2021




The purpose of this study is to present a new failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) approach based on fuzzy multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) methods and multi-objective programming model for risk assessment in the planning phase of the oil and gas construction projects (OGCP) in Iran.


This research contains multiple steps. First, 19 major potential health and safety executive (HSE) risks in OGCP were classified into six categories with the Delphi method. These factors were distinguished by the review of project documentation, checklist analysis and consulting with experts. Then, using the fuzzy SWARA method, the authors calculated the weights of major HSE risks. Subsequently, FMEA and PROMETHEE approaches were used to identify the priority of main risk factors. Eventually, a binary multi-objective linear programming approach was developed to select the risk response strategies, and an augmented e-constraint method (AECM) was used.


Regarding the project triple well-known constraints of time, cost and quality, which organizations usually confront, the HSE risks of OGCP were identified and prioritized. Also, the appropriate risk response strategies were also suggested to the managers to be adopted regarding the situations.


The present research points at the HSE risks’ assessment integrating the fuzzy FMEA, step-wise weight assessment ratio analysis and PROMETHEE techniques with the AECM. Further to the authors’ knowledge, the quantitative assessment of the HSE risks of OGCP has not been done using the combination of the fuzzy FMEA, MCDM and AECMs.



Khalilzadeh, M., Ghasemi, P., Afrasiabi, A. and Shakeri, H. (2021), "Hybrid fuzzy MCDM and FMEA integrating with linear programming approach for the health and safety executive risks: a case study", Journal of Modelling in Management, Vol. 16 No. 4, pp. 1025-1053.



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