Exploring an integrated palliative care model for older people: an integrative review

Marina Raco (Department of Nursing and Clinical Sciences, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK)
Teresa Burdett (Department of Nursing and Clinical Sciences, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK)
Vanessa Heaslip (Department of Nursing and Clinical Sciences, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK)

Journal of Integrated Care

ISSN: 1476-9018

Publication date: 15 April 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Due to an international ageing population, global health organisations have recognised the challenges arising from fragmented interaction between health and social sectors in the end of life care. The purpose of this paper is to explore the existing literature on integrative palliative care services for older people.

Design/methodology/approach

An integrative review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses. Papers included in the review focused upon integrated care within palliative care systems (January 2007–2017). A certain number of papers were excluded when the review focused on individuals younger than 65, not written in English and not being focused on integrated palliative care.

Findings

Nine studies fitted the inclusion criteria and three themes were identified: person-centred care, co-ordination of care, and education and training. The review identifies that integrated palliative care requires co-ordinated techniques that focus upon the quality of life, individual needs and awareness of vulnerability rather than fixation on inevitable mortality.

Research limitations/implications

The emerging presence of the need for integrated palliative care requires further research in order to develop coherent models of integrated palliative care which can be incorporated into practice.

Originality/value

This review identified themes relevant to the emerging issues in the global health sector of end of life care. The literature suggests that the optimised use of an integrated care approach to a palliative model of care is required and in need of further investigation.

Keywords

Citation

Raco, M., Burdett, T. and Heaslip, V. (2019), "Exploring an integrated palliative care model for older people: an integrative review", Journal of Integrated Care, Vol. 27 No. 2, pp. 111-122. https://doi.org/10.1108/JICA-10-2018-0065

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Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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