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Can the components of green intellectual capital influence employee green behavior? An empirical analysis on Indian energy sector using the partial least squares method

Arpita Ghosh (Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, Kolkata, India)
Shamima Haque (Techno India Group, Kolkata, India)

Journal of Intellectual Capital

ISSN: 1469-1930

Article publication date: 8 March 2022

Issue publication date: 28 April 2023

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Abstract

Purpose

The study aims to explore the relationship between the dimensions of green intellectual capital (GIC) and employee green behavior (EGB).

Design/methodology/approach

A survey has been conducted among a random representative population of employees working for the energy-sector organizations in India to collect data for this study. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) for GIC supports the inclusion of the new dimension in its construct. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) validates the measurement model. Hypothesized relationships have been examined by applying structural equation modeling using partial least squares method.

Findings

Results corroborate that all the four dimensions of GIC have varying degrees of significant positive impact on EGB. The study contributes to the existing literature by extending the understanding of the concept of GIC and its connection with EGB using natural-resource based theory and social cognitive theory (SCT).

Originality/value

The study has empirically examined the relationship between GIC and EGB in the context of a developing country like India. Moreover, unlike the existing literature that have classified GIC into green human capital (GHC), green structural capital (GSC) and green relational capital (GRC), the study identifies green spiritual capital (GSpC) as another important dimension of GIC which is an intangible asset and highly relevant in influencing altruistic activities like green behavior. The study presents significant implications for managers and policy-makers for ensuring EGB by investing in GIC resources.

Keywords

Citation

Ghosh, A. and Haque, S. (2023), "Can the components of green intellectual capital influence employee green behavior? An empirical analysis on Indian energy sector using the partial least squares method", Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. 24 No. 3, pp. 632-652. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIC-10-2021-0284

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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