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Intellectual capital, organizational culture and ambidexterity in Colombian firms

Esteban López-Zapata (Universidad de Antioquia UdeA, Medellín, Colombia)
Armando De Jesús Ramírez-Gómez (Universidad de Antioquia UdeA, Medellín, Colombia)

Journal of Intellectual Capital

ISSN: 1469-1930

Article publication date: 22 September 2021

Issue publication date: 21 March 2023




This study analyzes the impact of intellectual capital on organizational ambidexterity by evaluating the mediating effect of the different types of organizational cultures (adhocracy, clan, market and hierarchy) on the said relationship.


From a sample of 124 directors of Colombian firms, the information is analyzed using Structural Equation Models through the Partial Least Squares method (SEM-PLS).


The results show that intellectual capital has a positive relationship with organizational ambidexterity and that market culture presents a positive mediating effect in the said relationship, while the mediating effects of adhocracy culture, clan culture and hierarchy culture are not significant.

Practical implications

Directors can favor the development of organizational ambidexterity by investing in the intellectual capital of their firms and by promoting the development of market culture attributes.


This work contributes empirical evidence on the mediating role of organizational culture in the relationship between intellectual capital and ambidexterity, highlighting the importance of market culture over other types of culture for the simultaneous development of exploration and exploitation capabilities, in the context of an emerging Latin American economy such as Colombia.



The research project described in this paper was funded by the Committee for Research Development (CODI) of Universidad de Antioquia (UDEA).


López-Zapata, E. and Ramírez-Gómez, A.D.J. (2023), "Intellectual capital, organizational culture and ambidexterity in Colombian firms", Journal of Intellectual Capital, Vol. 24 No. 2, pp. 375-398.



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