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Financial health of Syariah and non-Syariah banks: a comparative analysis

Elok Heniwati (Department of Accounting, Universitas Tanjungpura, Pontianak, Indonesia)
Nella Yantiana (Department of Accounting, Universitas Tanjungpura, Pontianak, Indonesia)
Gita Desyana (Department of Accounting, Universitas Tanjungpura, Pontianak, Indonesia)

Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research

ISSN: 1759-0817

Article publication date: 27 May 2021

Issue publication date: 13 July 2021

408

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate whether Syariah banks are more financially stable than non-Syariah banks and check the differential impact of explanatory variables in financial health and efficiency in the context of Indonesia.

Design/methodology/approach

By using unbalanced panel data from Bankfocus over the period 2011–2018, regression analysis is performed with two response variables representing financial health, ZSCORE for return on average assets, liquid asset to deposit and short-term funding ratio. A number of control variables are used as tools to confirm the hypotheses. To check the robustness of the findings, a model with different specifications has been used.

Findings

The results indicate that while Syariah banks present higher insolvency risk (less health) for long-term activity, the opposite is true for short-term activity. Other findings show that Syariah and non-Syariah banks contribute differently to the national system of financial stability owing to varying influential factors on the bank’s health.

Originality/value

This paper presents a comparative analysis between the financial stability of Syariah banks and that of non-Syariah banks in Indonesia by building an empirical framework that allows the author to examine the differential effects of each underlying feature on financial stability in Syariah and non-Syariah banks.

Keywords

Citation

Heniwati, E., Yantiana, N. and Desyana, G. (2021), "Financial health of Syariah and non-Syariah banks: a comparative analysis", Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research, Vol. 12 No. 4, pp. 473-487. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIABR-07-2020-0216

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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