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Transformational leadership and knowledge sharing behavior in freelancers: A moderated mediation model with employee engagement and social support

Mohit Yadav (Jindal Global Business School, OP Jindal Global University, Sonipat, India)
Sangita Choudhary (Department of Management, BML Munjal University, Gurgaon, India)
Shubhi Jain (Department of Management, Faculty of Business and Applied Arts, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India)

Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing

ISSN: 2398-5364

Article publication date: 21 January 2019

Issue publication date: 19 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between transformational leadership and knowledge sharing behavior in freelancers. Also, the study focuses upon mediation of the relationship by employee engagement and moderation by social support.

Design/methodology/approach

Confirmatory factor analysis was used to find validity and reliability of the model under study. To study the relation between variables, the Pearson correlation was used. Further, the PROCESS macro of Hayes (2013) was used to test mediation and moderated mediation.

Findings

Transformational leadership influenced knowledge collecting and knowledge donating behavior in freelancers. The relation was mediated by employee engagement. Social support was found to moderate the mediated path by employee engagement between transformational leadership and knowledge collecting behavior. A similar result was found for knowledge donating behavior as a dependent variable.

Research limitations/implications

The model under study can be tested in other contexts with extended data.

Practical implications

The study asserts importance on freelancers in knowledge sharing in client organizations; leaders should take a transformational role to create a culture of free flow of knowledge and information between various types of employees.

Originality/value

This study is the first to research how transformational leadership, through engagement, motivates freelancers in engaging in knowledge collecting and knowledge donating. The importance of social support is also noted.

Keywords

Citation

Yadav, M., Choudhary, S. and Jain, S. (2019), "Transformational leadership and knowledge sharing behavior in freelancers: A moderated mediation model with employee engagement and social support", Journal of Global Operations and Strategic Sourcing, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 202-224. https://doi.org/10.1108/JGOSS-08-2017-0030

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited