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Board attributes and CSR expenditure before and during COVID-19

Umar Habibu Umar (Department of Accounting and Finance, Universiti Brunei Darussalam School of Business and Economics, Gadong, Brunei Darussalam and Department of Accounting, Yusuf Maitama Sule University Kano, Kano, Nigeria)
Abubakar Isa Jibril (Office of the Accountant General of the Federation, Abuja, Nigeria)
Sulaiman Musa (Department of Accounting and Finance, Universiti Brunei Darussalam School of Business and Economics, Gadong, Brunei Darussalam and Department of Accountancy, Kano State Polytechnic, Kano, Nigeria)

Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting

ISSN: 1985-2517

Article publication date: 29 November 2022

75

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the impact of board attributes on the corporate social responsibility (CSR) expenditure of the listed firms before (2019) and during (2020) COVID-19 in Nigeria.

Design/methodology/approach

The data were manually extracted from the annual reports of all the listed companies that published their reports for the years. A total of 266 firm-year observations were generated, comprising 140 and 126 observations for 2019 and 2020, respectively.

Findings

The results indicate that the frequency of board meetings and foreign directors on the board significantly influence CSR expenditure before and during COVID-19. Board independence had a significant positive association with CSR expenditure before COVID-19 but insignificantly positive during it. However, board size and gender diversity do not influence CSR expenditure before and during COVID-19.

Research limitations/implications

The study used secondary data from the annual reports to compare the impact of board attributes on the CSR expenditures of listed firms in Nigeria between 2019 and 2020.

Practical implications

Providing effective CSR regulations and incentives could motivate or mandate the board of directors to incur CSR expenditure within the company’s financial capacity for society’s welfare, particularly under challenging times like COVID-19.

Social implications

Encouraging firms to incur more CSR expenditures to their ability will contribute to poverty alleviation and improve socio-economic development.

Originality/value

This study is one of the few that investigated the effects of board characteristics on CSR expenditure for the welfare of the poor and the needy. Besides, it uniquely focused on comparing the results before and during COVID-19.

Keywords

Citation

Umar, U.H., Jibril, A.I. and Musa, S. (2022), "Board attributes and CSR expenditure before and during COVID-19", Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFRA-05-2022-0197

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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