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Dividend policy and firm value: evidence of financial firms from Borsa Istanbul under the IFRS adoption

Hariem Abdullah (Department of Accounting, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Iraq and Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq)
Aliya Zhakanova Isiksal (World Peace University, Nicosia, Cyprus)
Razha Rasul (Bank of Zanko, Kurdistan Regional Government, Sulaimani, Iraq)

Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting

ISSN: 1985-2517

Article publication date: 7 March 2023

834

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the effect of dividend policy on firm value for financial sector in an emerging country. Furthermore, it examines the moderating effect of IFRS adoption and the abolishment of mandatory dividend payment policy with considering the Lintner model of dividend smoothing.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected from 111 firms listed on Borsa Istanbul in the financial sector in Turkey over 1995–2017. Using an explanatory research design, this study performs various multivariate regression techniques to investigate the proposed relationships.

Findings

The outcomes demonstrate a positive and significant association between dividend policy and firm value. In addition, the relationship has strengthened after IFRS adoption, indicating that accounting information such as dividend-based ratios prepared under IFRS is more value relevant. The empirical outcomes supported the Lintner model, which is persistent with the signalling hypothesis. Moreover, the findings state that the abolishment of mandatory dividend payment in 2009 strengthened the association between dividend policy and firm value for financial institutions in Turkey.

Practical implications

These results provide an insight to the investors and managers that the effect of IFRS adoption and other policy changes could be greater on the association between dividend policy and firm value. The study empirically tests Lintner model of dividend smoothing for financial firms in an emerging economy.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the literature through providing vital insights on the relationship between dividend policy and firm value and empirically revisiting the Lintner model for financial sector in a developing economy, specifically Turkey. Furthermore, it addresses the influence of IFRS implementation on the association between dividend policy and firm value. These findings are robust to alternative sampling methods and to controlling for other factors which influence firm value.

Keywords

Citation

Abdullah, H., Isiksal, A.Z. and Rasul, R. (2023), "Dividend policy and firm value: evidence of financial firms from Borsa Istanbul under the IFRS adoption", Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFRA-04-2022-0147

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © Emerald Publishing Limited

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