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How do economic policy uncertainty and leverage impact firm-level cash holding distribution of housing companies in an emerging economy? A quantile regression approach

Rajni Kant Rajhans (NICMAR University, Pune, India)

Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction

ISSN: 1366-4387

Article publication date: 11 December 2023

Issue publication date: 14 June 2024

47

Abstract

Purpose

High economic policy uncertainty forces firms to accumulate a higher level of cash than during normal business periods. However, it is not evident that economic policy uncertainty has a homogeneous impact across cash-holding distributions. This paper aims to study the impact of economic policy uncertainty, leverage and their interaction on cash-holding distributions.

Design/methodology/approach

This study adopted a quantile regression approach to examine the influence of economic policy uncertainty and firm leverage on firm-level cash-holding distributions. To investigate the influence across quantiles, the author estimated 19 quantiles between 0.05 and 0.95.

Findings

This study finds that both economic policy uncertainty and firm leverage significantly affect firm-level cash-holding distributions heterogeneously. But, the impact of the interaction of these two variables is significant only for firms placed in the 60th to 85th quantiles of cash holding distribution.

Originality/value

The study adds to the existing knowledge of determinants of firm-level cash holdings but takes exogenous variables as economic policy uncertainty. The paper builds on a unique sample setting wherein, the cash holdings of all nonfinancial firms have increased many folds, including housing companies in an emerging economy.

Keywords

Citation

Rajhans, R.K. (2024), "How do economic policy uncertainty and leverage impact firm-level cash holding distribution of housing companies in an emerging economy? A quantile regression approach", Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction, Vol. 29 No. 2, pp. 331-348. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFMPC-06-2023-0036

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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