Information systems architecture for fire emergency response

Raj Prasanna (Joint Centre for Disaster Research, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand)
Lili Yang (School of Business and Economics, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK)
Malcolm King (School of Business and Economics, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK)
Thomas J. Huggins (Joint Centre for Disaster Research, Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand)

Journal of Enterprise Information Management

ISSN: 1741-0398

Publication date: 10 July 2017



There has been a lack of meaningful information systems architecture, which comprehensively conceptualise the essential components and functionality of an information system for fire emergency response addressing needs of different job roles. The purpose of this paper is to propose a comprehensive information systems architecture which would best support four of the key firefighter job roles.


The study has built on the outcomes of two previous preliminary studies on information and human-computer interaction needs of core firefighter job roles. Scenario-based action research was conducted with firefighters in a range of roles, to evaluate human-computer interaction needs while using various technology platforms.


Several key themes were identified and led us to propose several layers of an integrated architecture, their composition and interactions.

Research limitations/implications

The selected fire scenarios may not represent every type of fire expected in high-risk built environments.

Practical implications

The current paper represents a shared discussion between end users, system architects and designers, to understand and improve essential components. It therefore provides a reference point for the development of information system architecture for fire emergency response.


The proposed information system architecture is novel because it outlines specific architectural elements required to meet the specific situation awareness needs of different firefighters job roles.



Prasanna, R., Yang, L., King, M. and Huggins, T. (2017), "Information systems architecture for fire emergency response", Journal of Enterprise Information Management, Vol. 30 No. 4, pp. 605-624.

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