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Impact of determinants on early internationalization: An exploratory study of Indian engineering SMEs

Channappa Santhosh (Department of Economics, Christ University, Bangalore, India)

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology

ISSN: 1726-0531

Article publication date: 10 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the influence of determinants on early internationalization in the context of an emerging economy, i.e. India.

Design/methodology/approach

The study is based on an ex post facto exploratory research using primary data collected from a sample of 102 exporting small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Bangalore.

Findings

The overall results reveal that it is the proactive entrepreneurs and their previous experience that determine the early internationalization of SMEs. Further, competitive constraint was a major obstacle to enter the international market at an early age for late internationalized SMEs.

Practical implications

The policy initiatives should aim to develop the international orientation of the entrepreneurs in the firm as a precursor for the formulation and subsequent implementation of internationalization strategies.

Originality/value

Although studies have been conducted on determinants and early internationalization, these are confined to a few dimensions, and none of the studies have looked into the issues affecting the early internationalization holistically and with respect to SMEs in India.

Keywords

Citation

Santhosh, C. (2019), "Impact of determinants on early internationalization: An exploratory study of Indian engineering SMEs", Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, Vol. 17 No. 5, pp. 1018-1034. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEDT-01-2019-0001

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited