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Do working capital management practices influence investment and financing patterns of firms?

Ahsan Akbar (International Business School, Guangzhou College of South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China)
Xinfeng Jiang (College of Economics and Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China)
Minhas Akbar (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Sahiwal Campus, Sahiwal, Pakistan)

Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences

ISSN: 1026-4116

Article publication date: 22 December 2020

Issue publication date: 1 February 2022




The present study aims to investigate the impact of working capital management (WCM) practices on the investment and financing patterns of listed nonfinancial companies in Pakistan for a span of 10 years.


The study is based on secondary financial data of 354 listed nonfinancial Pakistani firms during the period of 2005–2014. The two-step generalized method of moment (GMM) regression estimation technique is employed to ensure the robustness of results.


Empirical testing reveals that: excessive funds tied up in working capital have a negative impact on the investment portfolio of sample firms. Besides, a negative relationship between change in fixed assets and excess net working capital posits that, eventually, firms use idle resources tied up in short-lived assets to boost their investment activities. Furthermore, larger working capital levels were associated with higher leverage ratio which indicates that firms with inefficient WCM policies have to rely heavily on long-term debt to meet their short-term financing requirements. Additional results indicate that firms that take more time to sell inventory and convert receivables to cash, make more use of debt. Results of cash management models illustrate that cash-rich firms have lower leverage levels which signal the strong financial health and internal revenue generation capability of such firms.


There is a dearth of empirical studies that examine the implications of WCM decisions on a firm's capital structure. Besides, these studies are only confined to how a WCM policy influences the long-term investment activities of a firm. The research contributes to the extant literature by empirically revealing a link between the WCM practices and the firm's long-range investment and financing patterns. Hence, financial managers shall account for the impact of their short-term financial management decisions on the capital structure of the firm.



Akbar, A., Jiang, X. and Akbar, M. (2022), "Do working capital management practices influence investment and financing patterns of firms?", Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Vol. 38 No. 1, pp. 91-109.



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