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A proposal of conceptual model for Brazilian popular music

Marcos Fragomeni Padron (Brazilian Federal Senate, Brasilia, Brazil)
Fernando William Cruz (School of Information Science, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil)
Juliana Rocha De Faria Silva (Federal Institute of Education Science and Technology of Brasilia, Brasília, Brazil)
Richard P. Smiraglia (Institute for Knowledge Organization and Structure, Inc., Lake Oswego, Oregon, USA)

Journal of Documentation

ISSN: 0022-0418

Article publication date: 15 February 2023

Issue publication date: 25 August 2023




The term “Brazilian popular music” refers to a varied repertoire of musical styles with a strong connection to local culture. The initiatives of representation of this domain of interest occur through adaptations of generic models and strategies coming from contexts and musical styles that differ from the essential characteristics of the national music. The purpose of this paper is to present a characterization of Brazilian popular music as a conceptual model which supports the communication and analysis of this domain and serves as a reference ontology for various applications in the field of Information Science and others.


To achieve the purpose, a mapping about Brazilian popular music was done from a literature review and a data collection with expert users, based on domain analysis theory. From this characterization, the conceptual model was built using an Ontology Engineering approach. To facilitate understanding, the results were described using a more user-friendly notation.


The paper presents a conceptual model as a first semantic reference on Brazilian popular music that serves (1) to better understand, communicate and analyze the domain of Brazilian popular music and, (2) to supply some semantic aspects not covered by the adaptations that have been proposed on the literature for musical representation.


The paper adds a new perspective to the understanding of Brazilian popular music and open opportunity to explore other repertoires about popular music.



The authors are grateful to the Brazilian musicians who were interviewed during this research. The authors also extend their thanks to Bloco Alegria, a community in Portland, OR, USA, that loves the music and culture of Brazil. The authors also thank Pat Riva for her feedback on the Conceptual Model and the reviewers for their comments and suggestions.


Padron, M.F., Cruz, F.W., Silva, J.R.D.F. and Smiraglia, R.P. (2023), "A proposal of conceptual model for Brazilian popular music", Journal of Documentation, Vol. 79 No. 5, pp. 1088-1109.



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