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The development of accounting practices and the adoption of IFRS in selected MENA countries

Pran Krishansing Boolaky (Department of Accounting and Finance, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia)
Kamil Omoteso (Economics, Finance and Accounting, Coventry University, Coventry, UK)
Masud Usman Ibrahim (Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, Coventry University, Coventry, UK)
Ismail Adelopo (Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK)

Journal of Accounting in Emerging Economies

ISSN: 2042-1168

Article publication date: 27 July 2018

Issue publication date: 3 August 2018

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the level of accounting development and the adoption of IFRS in the four foremost economies in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)—Egypt, Jordan, Libya and UAE. Through the lens of institutional theory, the study investigates the impact of economic, political, legal and cultural institutions on the development of these countries’ accounting practices and their readiness to use IFRS.

Design/methodology/approach

This research uses accounting development indices obtained from current literature as well as recent World Economic Forum and UNCTAD reports to examine the development of accounting in these MENA countries and their inclination to adopt IFRS.

Findings

The study identifies a number of impediments to the development of accounting practices and adoption of IFRS in these countries. It also reveals that three of the four MENA countries (Egypt, Jordan and UAE) could be placed on a level playing field with their principal trading partners (the US, the UK, Germany and Italy) given the formers’ business environments, methods of raising finance and levels of professional accounting practices.

Research Implications/limitations

Although limited to only four jurisdictions, findings from the study have important implications for investors and parties that are interested in improving the value relevance of the information presented by firms especially in a globalised economy with increasing cross-listing.

Originality/value

This study extends the frontier of knowledge on the development of accounting and IFRS adoption by focusing on the MENA region. It is the first effort that the authors are aware of to adopt such a multifarious approach.

Keywords

Citation

Boolaky, P.K., Omoteso, K., Ibrahim, M.U. and Adelopo, I. (2018), "The development of accounting practices and the adoption of IFRS in selected MENA countries", Journal of Accounting in Emerging Economies, Vol. 8 No. 3, pp. 327-351. https://doi.org/10.1108/JAEE-07-2015-0052

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited