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The control-ownership wedge and the survival of French IPOs

Imen Derouiche (Center for Research in Economic Analysis (CREA), University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg)
Syrine Sassi (South Champagne Business School, Troyes, France)
Narjess Toumi (IRG (EA 2354), University Paris-Est, Créteil, France)

Journal of Applied Accounting Research

ISSN: 0967-5426

Article publication date: 14 May 2018




The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of the control-ownership wedge of controlling shareholders (excess control) on the survival of French initial public offerings (IPOs).


This paper studies a large sample of 434 French IPOs. The empirical analysis uses the Cox proportional hazard and accelerated-failure-time models. Data are manually gathered from IPO prospectuses.


The findings support a positive relation between the control-ownership wedge and IPO survival time, indicating that survival is more likely in firms with high excess control levels. This result is consistent with the view that controlling shareholders with a large control-ownership wedge have incentives to preserve their private benefits of control by increasing firm survival chances. The findings also show that older IPOs are more likely to survive, while riskier and underpriced IPOs are more likely to delist.

Practical implications

The results provide a better understanding of the role of excess control in IPO survival. They also enrich the debate on the efficiency of the one-share-one-vote rule.


The research provides new insights into the role of agency conflicts in IPO survivability. In particular, it explores the effect of dominant shareholders with a control-ownership wedge on survival time.



Derouiche, I., Sassi, S. and Toumi, N. (2018), "The control-ownership wedge and the survival of French IPOs", Journal of Applied Accounting Research, Vol. 19 No. 2, pp. 271-294.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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